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Rutgers Cooperative Extension.


Ten Best Flowering Shrubs for New Jersey


SYRINGA VULGARIS

Common Name: Lilac

Hardiness Zones: 3b to 7

Habit: Deciduous

Growth Rate: Moderate

Site Requirements: Sun to partial shade; range of soil types including heavy soil

Height: 8 to 15 feet

Width: 6 to 12 feet

Texture: Medium to coarse

Form: Upright; stiff; ascending branches; leggy Flower/Fruit: White, cream, purple-pink to rose flowers in spring; single or double; very fragrant

Foliage: Opposite, simple, heart-shaped dark green to bluish green leaves; 2 to 5" long

Comments: Most plants are grafted so remove any suckers that develop from rootstock

FORSYTHIA OUATA ROBUSTA

Common Name: Early Forsythia, Korean Forsythia

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 7

Habit: Deciduous

Growth Rate: --

Site Requirements: Sun to partial shade; prefers loose soil but will tolerate adverse conditions

Height: 4 to 6 feet

Width: 4 to 6 feet

Texture: Medium

Form: Stiff spreading shrub

Flower/Fruit: Bright yellow flowers in late winter to early spring

Foliage: Alternate, simple leaves

Comments: Drought tolerant; does not prefer warm climates

VIBURNUM DILATATUM

Common Name: Linden Viburnum

Hardiness Zones: 5 to 8

Habit: Deciduous

Growth Rate: Moderate

Site Requirements: Sun to partial shade; prefers evenly moist, slightly acidic soil

Height: 6 to 9 feet

Width: 6 to 8 feet

Texture: Medium

Form: Upright; rounded; dense; can become open and leggy

Flower/Fruit: 3 to 5" flattened flower cluster in late spring; showy large clusters of red berries in fall

Foliage: Opposite, simple dark green leaves; 2 to 5" long; may develop russet red fall color

Comments: Prefers cool summers; fruit attracts birds

DEUTZIA GRACILIS

Common Name: Slender Deutzia

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8 Habit: Deciduous Growth Rate: Slow to moderate Site Requirements: Sun to light shade; well-drained soil Height: 2 to 4 feet Width: 3 to 4 feet Texture: Medium to fine Form: Low, compact, dense mound; can become ragged with age Flower/Fruit: Pure white 0.5 to 0.7" flowers on 1.5 to 3" racemes in early summer on old wood; mild fragrance Foliage: Opposite, simple bright to deep green leaves; 1 to 3" long; non-showy fall color Comments: Drought tolerant; very adaptable to adverse conditions: cold, pollution,

ENKIANTHUS CAMPANULATUS

Common Name: Redvein Enkianthus

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 7

Habit: Evergreen

Growth Rate: Slow

Site Requirements: Sun to partial shade; acidic, moist, well-drained soil; suffers in dry weather; does well in clay Height: 6 to 12 feet

Width: 4 to 6 feet

Texture: Medium

Form: Narrow upright shrub; layered branches; tufted foliage

Flower/Fruit: Cluster of creamy white, small, bell-shaped flowers in spring; has red or pink veins; borne on previous year's growth

Foliage: Alternate, simple, glossy, bright to medium blue-green to olive green leaves; 1 to 3" long; brilliant yellow and red-orange fall color; varies among

VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM

Common Name: Blackhaw

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 9

Habit: Deciduous

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate

Site Requirements: Sun to shade; range of soil types Height: 12 to 15 feet

Width: 8 to 12 feet

Texture: Medium

Form: Rounded small tree or shrub; multi-stemmed; stiff branches

Flower/Fruit: Creamy white flowers on 2 to 4" cyme; 0.5" pinkish rose edible drupe that turns bluish black Foliage: Opposite, simple, dull to lustrous dark green leaves; 1.5 to 3.5" long

Comments: Drought tolerant

KOLKWITZIA ANABILIS

Common Name: Beautybush

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8

Habit: Deciduous

Growth Rate: Rapid

Site Requirements: Sun to light shade; well-drained soil

Height: 6 to 10 feet

Width: 6 to 8 feet

Texture: Medium

Form: Upright arching vase shape; somewhat fountain-like; becomes leggy with age

Flower/Fruit: 0.5" soft pink flowers in late spring; borne on 2 to 3" corymb

Foliage: Opposite, simple, dull dark green leaves; 1 to 3" long; yellowish to reddish fall color

Comments: Drought tolerant; prune off oldest stems after flowering

WEIGELA

Common Name: Weigela

Hardiness Zones: 4 to 8

Habit: Deciduous

Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid

Site Requirements: Sun to light shade; prefers well-drained soil but tolerates a range of soil types

Height: 6 to 10 feet

Width: 6 to 10 feet

Texture: Medium to coarse

Form: Spreading, dense, rounded shrub; arching branches with age

Flower/Fruit: White, pink, red trumpet-shaped flowers in late spring

Foliage: Opposite, simple medium green leaves; 2 to 4.5" long; non-showy fall color

Comments: Air pollution tolerant

SPRIREA VANHOUTTEI

Common Name: Vanhoutte Spirea

Hardiness Zones: 3 to 8

Habit: Deciduous

Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid

Site Requirements: Sun to partial shade; range of soil types except wet

Height: 6 to 8 feet

Width: 10 to 12 feet

Texture: Medium

Form: Rounded top; vase to fountain shape; arching branches; broad mound

Flower/Fruit: Profuse white flowers on 1 to 2" umbel in spring

Foliage: Alternate, simple dark green leaves; 0.7 to 1.7" long

Comments: Drought tolerant; very hardy